To properly secure your house before or after construction or to secure your landed property after purchase, fencing is needed and a good knowledge of the cost of fencing in Nigeria is important.
Knowing how much fencing costs in Nigeria is vital so that you can make a proper budget before commencing the fencing of your property.
Depending on the location of your land, you need to make a decision on the material to use for the fencing of your property and the design that will meet your taste.
In this article, we shall answer questions like ‘How many blocks can fence 1 plot of land in Nigeria?’, ‘What is the cost of fencing 1 plot of land in Nigeria?’ and ‘How many bags of cement can fence 1 plot of land in Nigeria?
Also, we shall look at the process of constructing the popular masonry block fencing in Nigeria and look at other materials used for fencing in Nigeria and reasons why you may choose a particular fencing material over the other.
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Table of Contents
What is a fence?
A fence is simply a barrier or any upright structure that encloses an area of land or ground to control or totally restrict access.
A fence can be constructed to be high, low, or dwarf depending on the purpose for fencing, the choice of the property owner, and the fencing requirement in a location.
Fencing materials in Nigeria
Most Nigerians are only familiar with masonry fences which in most cases are fences constructed with blocks, bricks, and concrete, but there are yet other materials used for fence construction in Nigeria.
Before we dive into the process of block fence construction and the cost of fencing in Nigeria let us look at some materials that are used to construct fences in Nigeria.
Wooden materials used for fencing are always well-treated to withstand decay and pests, and in most cases, these materials do not rot after many years.
Using wooden fence material requires maintenance and sometimes the replacement of planks so that the entire fence will last long.
Some of the wooden materials used in fencing are cedars, composite, redwood, and teak.
If you have a very good budget and you want something different and classic, metal fencing can be a good option and you can find designs that will perfectly match any house or residence exterior.
Wrought iron fences are very popular in Nigeria because they look beautiful and are very strong and long-lasting.
If you want to use metal as fence material on your property, you will need to employ the service of a house contractor and a metal fabricator so that the construction, customization, and installation of your fence will be perfect and meet fence construction standards.
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This involves the fences built or constructed with brick, block, concrete, and stone.
The type of masonry fencing popular in Nigeria is block fencing and in this article, I will give detailed information on the process of block fence construction in Nigeria.
It is important to note that masonry fences are always heavy and requires the services of professionals or experts in their construction and installation.
It is worth noting that you can combine masonry fencing with another type of material like wrought iron (metal) or treated wood depending on the design of your fence and how much you are willing to spend for its construction.
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If you want to restrict access to certain areas inside your property, then chain link is the right fencing material you need.
Their open links make it possible for one to see through the fence and the chain links actually give proper security and restriction for children and pets within your property.
One of the reasons you may want to use chain link fencing is that they are very affordable and readily available.
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If your property or area of land is large or if your land keeps livestock, then barbed wire may be one of the best fencing options for you.
Barbed wire fences always come with simple designs and they are affordable, unlike masonry and metal fences.
However, it is important to note that barbed wire fences are mostly accepted in rural areas as government and community policies may restrict their use in most urban areas.
Here it is important to note that there are factors that will influence the method of construction, the style, design, materials, and the cost of fencing in Nigeria.
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Factors that affect the cost of fencing in Nigeria
Government and community requirements:
There are some materials that government may not allow to be used for fencing in some locations in Nigeria and if you choose any fencing material order than masonry block fencing then it is your duty to find out the fencing material requirement of the location of your property.
Also in some locations in Nigeria, there are certain guidelines, procedures, and methods of construction that must be used for fence construction.
For instance, some locations or communities may require dwarf fences as boundaries of properties whereas others may require high fences.
Moreover, in some communities and locations, house owners may be required to give certain set-back (some allowance for site boundary to the fence) and follow certain patterns and designs while constructing a fence for their property.
Always abide by government and community laws and guidelines during the construction of a fence for your property to avoid demolition of your structure.
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House owner’s purpose of fencing and Design taste:
Your design taste and purpose for fencing can very much affect the way your fence will be constructed.
If you would want people passing by to appreciate the aesthetics of your residence or house by seeing through your fence, then you may instruct your contractor or builder to build or construct a dwarf fence with railings on top so that people can see through the fence.
However, if you intend to fortify the walls of your fence, then you may include solid columns and beams during its construction and if you do not want people to see the inside of your fence, high-level fence will be an appropriate option for you.
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Nature of land:
The nature of your land can also determine the construction approach to your fence.
If your land is sloped, then the foundation excavation of your fence will have to be stepped at some intervals in order to maintain good leveling for the foundation footings and ensure proper distribution of the weight of the fence in the soil beneath.
Also if your land is weak, properly reinforced beams and columns will be required in the construction of your fence to fortify it. In that, columns are created at intervals of 3m along the fence walls, and beams are also constructed on the fence wall at a height on the low part of the fence before the continuation of block walls to the final level.
To have proper knowledge of the cost of fencing your property in Nigeria, an insight into the process of block fence construction is important.
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Process of fence construction in Nigeria
The following are the materials needed for the construction of block fence in Nigeria:
And the following procedure and stages are involved in the process of fence construction in Nigeria.
This is the first stage in the fence construction after the land is cleared and it involves the excavation or digging of foundation strips where partition walls or fence walls will rest after concreting.
During the excavation of fence foundation strips in Nigeria, the depth of the foundation should be between 2 feet to 2 feet 6 inches (600mm to 750mm), and the width of the strip should be between 450mm to 675mm.
However, it is the duty of your builder or contractor to decide the right dimension specifications to be applied during the excavation of your fence foundation based on their actual experience on-site.
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This is the preparation of the excavated fence foundation to receive concrete and this is done by leveling the soil beneath the ground level along the strip of the fence where walls will run.
Leveling of the foundation of your fence is important so that the concrete bed and the walls that will run on top of it will be leveled to encourage proper weight distribution and settlement of the fence walls.
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Concreting of the footings:
This involves the pouring of concrete on the leveled foundation footing beneath the ground and this concreting is done in such a way that the concrete mass will maintain the same level or height and it is the job of a mason(s) under the supervision of your builder to dress the footing concrete so that the weight of the walls that will run on top will be evenly distributed.
Moreover, the thickness of the concrete bed of fence foundation footings in Nigeria is usually between 100mm to 150mm depending on the condition of the soil, and in all cases, your builder or engineer on site should make the decision on the right construction specification to be applied.
Block works and establishment of columns:
This is the process of laying the blocks that will form the fence walls and this should be done with precision so that block bonding will be accurate.
During the laying of the blocks of the fence walls, spaces should be provided or located at intervals along the walls for reinforced columns to further strengthen the fence structure.
While laying blocks for your fence it is important to know that a fence beam will be constructed at a certain height on top of the block wall before the block work is continued to the final fence level, this fence beam is commonly known as fence chaining in Nigeria and it is the responsibility of your builder to determine at what height to construct the beam.
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This mainly involves the carpentry works to be done to form the columns and beams of the fence before casting or concreting.
The form works should be properly done by carpenters under the supervision of your builder or engineer.
Casing or concreting of columns and beams:
This involves the concreting of the beams and columns of your fence and it is mostly mixed in the ratio of 1:2:4 to achieve strong reinforced concrete structures.
Copping forming and casting:
Your fence will not be complete if there is no concrete structure covering the exposed top of the fence walls.
So copping is simply a process of covering or capping the top of your fence wall with concrete or stone to protect the wall from rain, and this is done by slopping the copping to drain water during rainfall.
The formwork of the copping is done by carpenters under the supervision of your builder or engineer.
Know that you can install fence weapons, electric wire, or barbed wires to stand on the copping during casting to further secure your property.
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This is simply the stage of installing a gate on the main entrance of your site or land created during the construction of your fence.
After the fencing walls are constructed, two columns are normally mounted at the site’s entrance with the gate at the center of the columns attached to them by concreting.
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Plastering and other finishing:
After installing the gate, your fence has to be plastered to serve as coating and protect your fence from damage.
It is always advisable to plaster both sides of your fence walls for adequate protection.
So far we have seen the materials used for fencing and the process of fencing in Nigeria, now let us see the cost of fencing in Nigeria.
Cost of fencing 1 plot in Nigeria.
A plot of land in Nigeria is normally measured to be 50ft by 100ft (15m by 30m) and its area is 450sqmtrs. So in our estimation of the cost of fencing 1 plot, we shall assume the length of the land to be 100ft or 30m and the width as 50ft or 15m.
However, it should be noted that some states and communities in Nigeria measure a plot of land as 60ft by 100ft.
The following stages and costs will be considered in the total cost of fencing 1 plot of land in Nigeria:
Excavation of fence foundation of 1plot in Nigeria and costs:
Material cost – the excavation will not attract any material cost because no material is needed for the excavation order than the laborer’s tools.
Labor cost – we will determine the total partition to be excavated by adding up the perimeter of the land which is 15m x2 + 30m x 2 = 30m +60m = 90m.
We will then subtract the dimension of the gate which is 4m, so we have 90m – 4m = 86m.
To get the partition to be excavated we will divide the result by 1 partition which is 3.6m, that is 86m divided by 3.6m which is approximately 24 partitions.
Therefore if the total partition to be excavated is 24, assuming the cost of digging each partition (which depends on location) is 1,500naira, then the cost of excavating the foundation of 1 plot of land will be 1,500naira x 24 partitions which is 36,000naira.
Concreting of foundation footing and columns of 1plot fence in Nigeria:
We derived our total fence partition to be 24, assuming a bag of cement will be used for the casting of 1 partition (depending on the mixture), then we will need 24 bags of cement for the concreting of our fence foundation.
Also if we place our fence columns at intervals of 3.6m after removing the dimension of the gate, then we will need approximately 19 columns for our fence.
Assuming we use a bag of cement for the casting of each column (depending on the mixture), then 19 bags of cement will be required for the casting or concreting of our fence columns.
Therefore total bags of cement for concreting of the fence foundation footing and columns will be 19 + 24 bags = 43 bags of cement.
The cost of materials for concreting of fence foundation and columns of 1plot fence will be –
Cement 43 bags x 4,200 per bag = 180,600naira
Granite 10 tons x 5,500naira = 55,000naira
Sand 10 tons x 4,000naira = 40,000naira
Cost of material = 275,600naira
Cost of labor will be from 80,000naira
Materials and cost –
1’ x 12’ wood – 38pcs x 1,500naira each = 57,000naira
1 bag of 3’ nail @ 15,000naira
Material cost = 72,000naira
Labor cost from 40,000naira
Reinforcement (iron works):
Materials and cost –
20pcs of 10mm rod x 3,300 per length = 66,000naira
1 bundle of quarter rod (6mm) @ 18,000
I roll of binding wire (10kg) @ 8,000
Material cost = 92,000naira
Labor cost will be from 40,000naira
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Block works of the fence of 1plot in Nigeria
The number of blocks needed for the fencing of 50 x 100 ft (1polt of land) in Nigeria will be around 2,400 (depending on fence height)
Materials and cost –
Blocks – 2,400pcs x 250naira = 600,000naira
Cement required for block laying – 20bags x 4,200naira per bag = 84,000naira
Sand 10 tons x 4,000naira = 40,000naira
Material cost = 724,000naira
Labor cost will be from 160,000naira
Aside from the cost of the gate, the materials required for the fence gate installation and their costs are:
4 bags of cement x 4,200 per bag = 16,800naira
5 tons of granite x 5,500naira = 22,000naira
5 tons of sand x 4,000naira = 20,000naira
12mm rod – 5 lengths x 4,800 per length = 24,000naira
1’ x 12’ wood – 20 lengths x 1,500 per length = 30,000naira
Binding wire half roll @ 5,000naira
Material cost = 117,800naira
Labor cost from 40,000naira
Copping or capping of the fence of 1plot:
The following are the materials you will need for the copping of your 1 plot of land fence-
15 bags of cement x 4,200naira per bag = 63,000naira
Sand – 5 tons x 4,000naira = 20,000naira
Granite – 4 tons x 5,500naira = 22,000
1’ x 12’ wood (to be sliced) 20pcs x 1,500naira per length = 30,000naira
Material cost = 135,000naira
Labor cost from 60,000naira
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Now from the analysis above, we can deduce the following:
Total cost of materials for the fencing of 1 plot of land in Nigeria will be 1,416,400naira
Total cost of labor for the fencing of 1 plot of land in Nigeria will from 450,000naira (excluding the cost of the gate and your contractor’s fee)
Total cost of fencing 1 plot in Nigeria will be from 1,866,400naira
Cost of fencing 2 plots of land in Nigeria
The total area of 2 plots of land in Nigeria is approximately 900sqmtrs and the cost of fencing 2 plots of in Nigeria will be from 2,000,000naira
Cost of fencing half plot of land in Nigeria
The cost of fencing half plot of land which has an area of 225sqmtrs will be from 1,000,000naira
Cost of fencing an acre of land in Nigeria
An acre of land in Nigeria consists of 6 plots of land and has an area of 4,046sqmtrs and the total cost of fencing an acre of land in Nigeria will be from 10,800,000naira.
In conclusion, it is important to know that this article may not give you the accurate cost of fencing your property because the location of your property and the nature of your land will play a very big role in determining the cost of fencing.
Therefore it is important to use a bill of quantity that will take into consideration the location and nature of your land to make an adequate budget before commencing the fencing of your property.
Remember to use the contact form in this blog to contact me if you need a professional BILL OF QUANTITY for your fence and house construction project and also for a professional HOUSE PLAN for your next building project.
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How many blocks can fence 1 plot of land in Nigeria?
Ans – 2,400blocks (depending on the height)
How many blocks will fence a 100 by 100 plot of land in Nigeria?
Ans – 3350blocks ( depending on the height)
How many bags of cement can fence a plot of land?
Ans – from 85bags
How many blocks to fence 1 acre of land?
Ans- from 14,000blocks
What is the cost of plastering a fence in Nigeria?
Ans- cost of plastering a fence in Nigeria will depend on the area of the land and the height of the fence. If a plot of land consists of 25partition and you spend 5,000 naira to plaster each partition (both sides of the walls), then to plaster a fence on a plot of land in Nigeria will cost around 125,000 naira.
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